The Galapagos Marine Reserve protects an area of over 130,000 square kilometers from a major threat: Man. It wasn't until 1998 that the Galapagos Marine Reserve came into existence, founded precisely to help put a stop to illegal fishing and poaching in Galapagos waters.
The Galapagos Marine Reserve is currently responsible for the protection of countless species of sea creatures that gather from all around the world in these abundant waters, whose presence here affects the entire food chain of the fragile Galapagos ecosystem.
A total of five ocean currents crash their waves onto Galapagos shores, creating a series of natural phenomena, including varying water temperatures and a spectacular nutrient-rich upwelling that makes these seas a favorite among open water creatures that would otherwise be difficult to encounter together in one place.
During whaling times, the entire area's marine wildlife was ravished by seamen who filled their pockets from the growing demand in oil. Today, a similar situation occurs with the Asian markets' interest in shark fins, tuna and sea cucumber.
Having a marine reserve has helped tremendously in the Galapagos community's efforts to halt industrial fishing practices. More than 3,000 species of underwater organisms have been recorded here.
You have full diving cruises which are booked up way in advanced, but still it is worth checking for last minute spaces. Finally a hotel based diving tour is also an option that allows you to add diving before or after you cruise.